Galvijų spongiforminės encefalopatijos ir virusinių ligų paplitimo, diagnostikos ir prevencijos retrospektyvi analizė Lietuvoje

Show simple item record Milius, Jonas 2017-08-21T08:26:04Z 2017-08-21T08:26:04Z 2006
dc.description.abstract Assessment of occurrence and diagnostic methods of viral diseases in cattle – viral diarrhoea (BVD), infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR), rabies, enzootic bovine leukosis (EBL), and spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) – was carried out for the first time in Lithuania. It was established that viruses of rabies, infectious rhinotraheitis and viral diarrhoea are most widespread in the country. It was determined that occurrence of rabies in cattle is parallel with the infection of wildlife with rabies virus. Analysis of eradication programme of enzootic bovine leucosis was done. It revealed that only combined application of diagnostic and preventive measures allowed reducing the cattle infection up to 0.2%. Though bovine spongiform encephalopathy has not been recorded in Lithuania, it is feasible to implement its diagnostic and prevention programme. An overall financial analysis of expenditures on BSE and viral diseases diagnostics and control was for the first time done in Lithuania. It showed that BSE and EBL occupied the leading positions in the structure of expenditures on viral diseases. In 2001, expenditures on BSE investigations accounted for 76.68% and in 2004 for 86.74% of the total. Expenditures on EBL investigations relatively reduced from 86.98% in 2000 to 8.47% in 2004. During the time under consideration, expenditures on investigations of other viral diseases changed but little. It was determined that consistent and wide-scale preventive vaccination created preconditions for diagnostic investigations of rabies; preventive vaccination of cattle against BR is applied to 30 thou animals every year. A few hundred are examined on suspicion of infection. The annual expenditures related with IBR and BVD amount up to 45 thou yet in the context of economic unit these expenditures are comparatively low – from 8.7 to 13.5 Lt.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.subject Paplitimas
dc.subject Bovine spongiform encephalopathy
dc.subject Diagnostika
dc.subject Bovine enzootic leukosis
dc.subject Spreading
dc.subject Pasiutligė
dc.subject Galvijų virusinė diarėja
dc.subject Galvijų enzootinė leikozė
dc.subject Rabies
dc.subject Bovine viral diarrhea
dc.subject Diagnosis
dc.subject Galvijų infekcinis rinotracheitas
dc.subject Bovine infectious rhinotracheitis
dc.subject Galvijų spongiforminė encefalopatija
dc.title Galvijų spongiforminės encefalopatijos ir virusinių ligų paplitimo, diagnostikos ir prevencijos retrospektyvi analizė Lietuvoje
dc.title.alternative Retrospective analysis of bovine spongiform encephalopathy and prevalence, diagnostics and prevention of viral diseases in cattle in Lithuania
dc.type Disertacijos santrauka

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